Aristotle was born in the Macedonian city of Stagirus in 384. He was 62 years old. He was too young when his mother Phestis died. His father Nicomchus was a Physician to Macedonian king. His wife name was Phthias. At age of 17, he got admission in Plato Academy. Plato was his teacher philosopher and mathematician. ‘Aristotle founded his own school in Athens ” The Lyceum “. They differ in music rhythm, harmony, meter, melody and the difference of goodness in character.
The Art of Poetry
Aristotle was the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and the first philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory and in which he offers an account of what is poetry.
Important works of art
- Concept of tragedy
- Ideal Tragic Hero
- Theory of plot
According to Aristotle, it’s a term which in Greek literary means making and includes Drama, Tragedy, Comedy, Poetry, Play, Epic Poetry, Lyrical Poetry. A song sung for prays of God (god and goddess) of wine. He describes that in three ways.
- They differ in music rhythm, harmony, meter, and melody.
- The way of characters is presented in which they stay, in the role that they are describing as a narrative or acting.
- The difference of goodness in character.
- The first time he says imitation by which that of truth and reality is revealed.
Definition of Tragedy
Tragedy its nature, theory and conception, tragic pleasure, epic are a tragedy. The poetics are concerned chiefly tragedy which is regarded as the highest poetic form.
Abercrombie says but with the theory of tragedy is worked out with such insight and comprehension that it becomes the type of the theory of literature.
He defines the tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious complete and of a certain magnitude. The language embellished with each kind of ornament each kind is brought in separately in the separate parts of the work in the form of dramatic action. Not in the narrative form, affecting the emotions of pity and fear. In the end, affect the proper purgation of these emotions. This definition outlines the object, manner, and medium of tragic imitation.